Thracian Culture – The
Bronze Age /year 3200 – 1200 BC/ and the Early Iron Age /year
1200 – 500 BC/
is assumed that with the beginning of the Bronze Age when
the metallurgy of bronze was introduced the Southeastern Balkan
Peninsula has already been populated by the ancient Thracians.
On the left side of the hall are exhibited
artifacts from the dwellings that have been sunken under the
waters of the Varna Lakes dated back to the early Bronze
Age. Obviously, after a short period of termination the pile
dwellings were reestablished over the remnants of the earlier
ones from the Eneolithic Age and even some new ones have been
built as nowadays 13 such dwellings along the coasts of the
Varna Lakes are known from the Bronze Age.
Especially significant is the development
of the bronze metallurgy during the late Bronze Age /second
half of the 2nd Millennium BC/. Widely spread are the bronze
objects buried in the earth as treasures such as bronze axes,
sickles, etc. Of special interest is the bronze sword excavated
by the village of Tcherkovna, Varna Region dated 13th –12th
On the other side of the room are exhibited
materials from Thracian necropolises of the Early Iron Age.
These are typical for Northeast Thrace necropolises with graves
cut in the rock or covered with burial mounds. As cremation
was a basic funeral rite, manufactured were big clay funeral
urns decorated with tongue like handles, swastikas, crosses,
etc. At that time towards the end of the Early Iron Age the
ancient Thracians have also adopted the potters' wheel. Iron
became the basic material for working out tools and weapons.
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a r n a
© 1997, 2000; 2002